Wing Tsun Principles

Wing Tsun: Forms and Fighting Principles

The Wing Tsun system, in essence, was developed initially out of the necessity for practitioners to achieve Combat Proficiency in the shortest time possible. The art is designed with fighting ability as one of its main goals. As a result the system does on have many “Forms” as is the case with other Kung Fu Systems and Karate with its many Katas. There are in fact only three traditional empty hand forms and two weapon forms. The three empty hand, or Chinese boxing forms are the Siu Num Tau the Chum Chum Kiu and the Bil Jee forms. The two weapon forms are known as the Dragon Pole and the Bart Chum Dao (Butterfly Sword) forms.

The entire system revolves around four principles which are to be applied and are present irrespective of the combat scenario or of the application (technique) utilised.

The first principle is to “Go forward and attack the centre line”. By doing this the attack is extremely powerful since there is a momentum behind it. A practitioner is in essence attacking with their body weight instead of the momentum of the only their arms, back and shoulders. The attack is complimented with a specific stepping technique to ensure that no excessive energy is projected to the opponent which can be used against the attack.

The centre line of one body is the area where all the vital body organs can be effectively targeted.

The second principle is to “stick to the opponent if the way forward is obstructed”. This application causes that the opponent has no option but to defend. The defence inevitably creates an opening through which an attack is launched at speed while still applying principle one constantly. An exercise called Chisau (Sticky Hands), is utilised to practise and hone the ability to instinctively feel the openings in the opponents defensive structure.

The third principle is to “utilise deformative (deflective) actions where any strength is applied in counter attacks launched by the opponent”. Wing Tsun does NOT utilise any blocking techniques, incoming attacks are rather deflected so as not to stop the opponents extended energy. By employing this tactic the opponent effectively “walks into” the attack whilst missing their own target of attack. The impact of the Wing Tsun practitioners attack is heavily amplified as this impact now combines energy and body weight of both parties. This is applied whilst still ensuring the simultaneous application of both principle one and two at the same time.

The fourth principle dictates that there must be “Constant forward pressure” throughout the combative encounter. This forward pressure is exerted by the practitioners entire body and is developed mostly through the practise of Chisau and the Wing Tsun stepping technique. It should be noted that the stepping technique of Wing Tsun differs from that used within the Wing Chun system. Wing Tsun and Wing Chun are identical in all other physical traits. Wing Tsun is the exclusive trademark of Dr Leung Ting who was the last closed door student of the late Great Grandmaster Ip Chun. Throughout the application of the four fighting principles it is imperative to keep the one deadly sin of Wing Tsun in mind. There must be NO PREPARITORY ACTION (i.e. drawing back of the fist), as this negates forward pressure.

Sifu Kevin Stewart

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Comments (2)

SalimApril 8th, 2010 at 12:43 pm

Very Nice…

AndreaJune 7th, 2010 at 8:59 pm

I can honestly say, that training with Sifu Kevin, has taught me life skills that will last forever. To understand the deflection technique, and especially the stepping technique, have been invaluable. I have only learnt but a fraction of what knowledge he has to share.

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